The Imperial County Workforce Development Board operates under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 signed into Law by President Clinton. The act superseded the previous public workforce legislation, Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA). The Workforce Investment Act was intended to improve coordination and provide more flexible, customer-friendly workforce development systems. The flexibility of the act allows individual boards to implement investment plans that align with the needs and opportunities of the local community.
The WIA is administered by the Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration and the State Employment Development Department. The State Workforce Development Board, comprised of a business majority as well as representatives from labor, education, and community-based organizations, distributes federal funds to Local Workforce Investment Areas (LWIA) within the state. There are 49 LWIAs in the state of California including the Imperial County Workforce Development Board (ICWDB).
Like the State Board, the ICWDB is made up of representatives from private business, labor unions, education institutions, government entities and community-based organizations. All members are appointed by the Imperial County Board of Supervisors (BOS).
Federal funding comes to the county through the Department of Labor and, in California, the State Employment Development Department. Funding is divided into three streams: adult employment and training grant, youth activities grant, and dislocated workers grant. In 2009 and 2010, the WDB will receive additional funding through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act as well as from several other competitive grant applications. The County Board of Supervisors serves as the local fiscal agent for the funds administered by the ICWDB. All significant expenditures must be approved by majority vote by the BOS.